FANDOM


Under the United States Constitution, the President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the presidency is the highest political office in the United States by influence and recognition. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by an Electoral College (or by the House of Representatives should the Electoral College fail to award an absolute majority of votes to any person). Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected President more than twice, and no one who has served more than two years of a term to which someone else was elected may be elected more than once. Upon the death, resignation, or removal from office of an incumbent President, the Vice President assumes the office. The President must be at least 35 years of age and a "natural born" citizen of the United States.

This list includes only those persons who were sworn into office as president following the ratification of the United States Constitution, which took effect on March 4, 1789. For American leaders before this ratification, see President of the Continental Congress. The list does not include any Acting Presidents under the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

List of presidentsEdit

Parties

      No party       Federalist       Democratic-Republican       Democratic       Whig       Republican

No. President Took office Left office Party Term Previous office Vice President
1 George Washington (3) George Washington
(1732–1799)
April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 Independent 1 (1789) President of Constitutional Convention (1787)   John Adams
2 (1792)
2 US Navy 031029-N-6236G-001 A painting of President John Adams (1735-1826), 2nd president of the United States, by Asher B. Durand (1767-1845)-crop John Adams
(1735–1826)
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist 3 (1796) Vice President Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800 Thomas Jefferson
(1743–1826)
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-
Republican
4 (1800) Vice President Aaron Burr
March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1805
5 (1804) George Clinton
March 4, 1805 – March 4, 1809
5 James Monroe White House portrait 1819 James Monroe
(1758–1831)
March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-
Republican
8 (1816) Secretary of State (1811–1817) Daniel D. Tompkins
9 (1820)
6 Template:Css Image Crop John Quincy Adams
(1767–1848)
[1][2][3]
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829
[n 1]
Democratic-
Republican
10
(1824)
Secretary of State
(1817–1825)
John C. Calhoun[n 2]
March 4, 1825December 28, 1832
7 Template:Css Image Crop Andrew Jackson
(1767–1845)
[4][5][6]
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic 11
(1828)
U.S. Senator from Tennessee
(1823–1825)
 
Vacant[n 3]
December 28, 1832March 4, 1833
12
(1832)
Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1833March 4, 1837
8 Template:Css Image Crop Martin Van Buren
(1782–1862)
[7][8][9]
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841
[n 1]
Democratic 13
(1836)
Vice President Richard Mentor Johnson
9 Template:Css Image Crop William Henry Harrison
(1773–1841)
[10][11][12]
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841
[n 4]
Whig 14
(1840)
Minister to Colombia
(1828–1829)
John Tyler
10 Template:Css Image Crop John Tyler
(1790–1862)
[13][14][15]
April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig
April 4, 1841September 13, 1841
Vice President
[n 5]
Vacant[n 3]
Independent[n 6]
September 13, 1841March 4, 1845
11 Template:Css Image Crop James K. Polk
(1795–1849)
[16][17][18]
March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic 15
(1844)
Governor of Tennessee
(1839–1841)
George M. Dallas
12 Template:Css Image Crop Zachary Taylor
(1784–1850)
[19][20][21]
March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850
[n 4]
Whig 16
(1848)
U.S. Army Major general from the 1st Infantry Regiment
(1846–1849)
Millard Fillmore
13 Template:Css Image Crop Millard Fillmore
(1800–1874)
[22][23][24]
July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853
[n 7]
Whig Vice President Vacant[n 3]
14 Template:Css Image Crop Franklin Pierce
(1804–1869)
[25][26][27]
March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic 17
(1852)
U.S. Army Brigadier general from the 9th Infantry Regiment
(1847-1848)
William R. King[n 4]
March 4, 1853April 18, 1853
Vacant[n 3]
April 18, 1853March 4, 1857
15 Template:Css Image Crop James Buchanan
(1791–1868)
[28][29][30]
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic 18
(1856)
Minister to the United Kingdom
(1853–1856)
John C. Breckinridge
16 Abraham Lincoln April 10 1865 Abraham Lincoln
(1809–1865)
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865 Republican 19 (1860) U.S. Representative (1847–1849) Hannibal Hamlin
March 4, 1861 – March 4, 1865
Republican
National Union
20 (1864) Andrew Johnson
March 4, 1865 – April 15, 1865
17 Template:Css Image Crop Andrew Johnson
(1808–1875)
[31][32][33]
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic
National Union[n 8]
Independent[n 9]
Vice President Vacant
[n 3]
18 Template:Css Image Crop Ulysses S. Grant
(1822–1885)
[34][35][36]
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican 21
(1868)
Commanding General of the U.S. Army
(1864–1869)
Schuyler Colfax
March 4, 1869March 4, 1873
22
(1872)
Henry Wilson[n 4]
March 4, 1873November 22, 1875
Vacant[n 3]
November 22, 1875March 4, 1877
19 Template:Css Image Crop Rutherford B. Hayes
(1822–1893)
[37][38][39]
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican 23
(1876)
Governor of Ohio
(1868–1872, 1876–1877)
William A. Wheeler
20 Template:Css Image Crop James A. Garfield
(1831–1881)
[40][41][42]
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881
[n 10]
Republican 24
(1880)
U.S. Representative from Ohio
(1863–1881)
Chester A. Arthur
21 Template:Css Image Crop Chester A. Arthur
(1829–1886)
[43][44][45]
September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican Vice President Vacant[n 3]
22 100px Grover Cleveland
(1837–1908)
[46][47]
March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889
[n 1]
Democratic 25
(1884)
Governor of New York
(1883–1885)
Thomas A. Hendricks[n 4]
March 4, 1885November 25, 1885
Vacant[n 3]
November 25, 1885March 4, 1889
23 Template:Css Image Crop Benjamin Harrison
(1833–1901)
[48][49][50]
March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican 26
(1888)
U.S. Senator from Indiana
(1881–1887)
Levi P. Morton
24 100px Grover Cleveland
(1837–1908)
[46][47]
March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic 27
(1892)
President
(1885–1889)
Adlai Stevenson
25 Template:Css Image Crop William McKinley
(1843–1901)
[51][52][53]
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901
[n 10]
Republican 28
(1896)
Governor of Ohio
(1892–1896)
Garret Hobart[n 4]
March 4, 1897November 21, 1899
Vacant[n 3]
November 21, 1899March 4, 1901
29
(1900)
Theodore Roosevelt
March 4, 1901September 14, 1901
26 Template:Css Image Crop Theodore Roosevelt
(1858–1919)
[54][55][56]
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909
[n 7]
Republican Vice President Vacant[n 3]
September 14, 1901March 4, 1905
30
(1904)
Charles W. Fairbanks
March 4, 1905March 4, 1909
27 William Howard Taft, Bain bw photo portrait, 1908 William Howard Taft
(1857–1930)
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican 31 (1908) Secretary of War (1904–1908) James S. Sherman
March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912
vacant
October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913
28 Woodrow Wilson (Nobel 1919) Woodrow Wilson
(1856–1924)
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic 32 (1912) Governor of New Jersey (1911–1913) Thomas R. Marshall
33 (1916)
29 Template:Css Image Crop Warren G. Harding
(1865–1923)
[57][58][59]
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923
[n 4]
Republican 34
(1920)
U.S. Senator from Ohio
(1915–1921)
Calvin Coolidge
30 Template:Css Image Crop Calvin Coolidge
(1872–1933)
[60][61][62]
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican Vice President Vacant[n 3]
August 2, 1923March 4, 1925
35
(1924)
Charles G. Dawes
March 4, 1925March 4, 1929
31 Template:Css Image Crop Herbert Hoover
(1874–1964)
[63][64][65]
March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933
[n 1]
Republican 36
(1928)
Secretary of Commerce
(1921–1928)
Charles Curtis
32 Template:Css Image Crop Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882–1945)
[66][67][68]
Template:Start date Template:End date
[n 4]
Democratic 37
(1932)
[n 11]
Governor of New York
(1929–1932)
John Nance Garner
March 4, 1933January 20, 1941
38
(1936)
39
(1940)
Henry A. Wallace
January 20, 1941January 20, 1945
40
(1944)
Harry S. Truman
January 20, 1945April 12, 1945
33 Template:Css Image Crop Harry S. Truman
(1884–1972)
[69][70][71]
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic Vice President Vacant[n 3]
April 12, 1945January 20, 1949
41
(1948)
Alben W. Barkley
January 20, 1949January 20, 1953
34 Template:Css Image Crop Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1890–1969)
[72][73][74]
January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961
[n 12]
Republican 42
(1952)
Supreme Allied Commander Europe
(1949–1952)
Richard Nixon
43
(1956)
35 JohnFK John F. Kennedy
(1917–1963)
January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963
Democratic 44 (1960) U.S. Senator (1953–1960) Lyndon B. Johnson
36 Template:Css Image Crop Lyndon B. Johnson
(1908–1973)
[75][76]
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic Vice President Vacant[n 3]
November 22, 1963January 20, 1965
45
(1964)
Hubert Humphrey
January 20, 1965January 20, 1969
37 Template:Css Image Crop Richard Nixon
(1913–1994)
[77][78][79]
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974
[n 2]
Republican 46
(1968)
Vice President
(1953–1961)
Spiro Agnew[n 2]
January 20, 1969October 10, 1973
47
(1972)
 
Vacant[n 3]
October 10, 1973December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973August 9, 1974
38 Template:Css Image Crop Gerald Ford
(1913–2006)
[80][81][82]
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977[n 13] Republican Vice President Vacant[n 3]
August 9, 1974December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974January 20, 1977
39 Template:Css Image Crop Jimmy Carter
(born 1924)
[83][84][85]
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981
[n 1]
Democratic 48
(1976)
Governor of Georgia
(1971–1975)
Walter Mondale
40 Template:Css Image Crop Ronald Reagan
(1911–2004)
[86][87][88]
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican 49
(1980)
Governor of California
(1967–1975)
George H. W. Bush
50
(1984)
41 Template:Css Image Crop George H. W. Bush
(born 1924)
[89][90][91]
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993
[n 1]
Republican 51
(1988)
Vice President Dan Quayle
42 Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
(b. 1946)
January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic 52 (1992) Governor of Arkansas (1979–1981 & 1983–1992) Al Gore
53 (1996)
43 100px George W. Bush
(born 1946)
[92][93][94]
January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican 54
(2000)
Governor of Texas
(1995–2000)
Dick Cheney
55
(2004)
44 100px Barack Obama
(born 1961)
[95][96][97]
January 20, 2009 unknown Democratic 56
(2008)
U.S. Senator from Illinois
(2005–2008)
Joe Biden
46 James Sawyer James Sawyer
(born 1964)
January 20, 2013 incumbent 57 (2012) Alvin Hammond
January 20, 2013 - October 4, 2014

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found
Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "n", but no corresponding <references group="n"/> tag was found.

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.